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William Chalkley 1842-1922

William Chalkley was a self taught taxidermist, who opened his first premises at 11 Sussex Street, Winchester from c1875. In 1880 he moved to The Square and the firm remained there until long after his death.

Almost opposite his taxidermy shop was the City Museum and, in 1903, he became honorary curator and spent considerable time working on the natural history specimens.He had, over a period of years, amassed and prepared a large collection of Hampshire birds.

After coming to an agreement with Alderman Jacob the collection was bought for the newly formed Winchester College Museum.

At the time it was noted that "Chalkley would probably have to alter some of the cases in order to classify them better". This collection was noted as a special collection in the Museums Journal of 1905, with 153 specimens of Hampshire birds. A catalogue ("List of Hampshire Birds 1863-1900") produced at the time enthused "For the wonderful beauty of this collection, the school have to thank the life-long devotion and poetic imagination of Mr. W Chalkley

The 'grotesque' scenes (below right) were good advertisements for the taxidermist as they demonstrated the skill of the taxidermist in the preparation of small and delicate animals.

Reference: 
Chalkley, William Kelsall, J E, Rev; Munn, Philip W: 1905: The Birds of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight: Witherby and Co.
…and Mr. Chalkley, the Winchester naturalist received one [Hoopoe] from Fair Oak, near Estleigh , on April 19th, 1890.' 

Mr. Chalkley has recorded a very fine specimen [Kite] from Lower Lanham, near Alresford, in January, 1890.' 'Mr. Chalkley, the well-known naturalist of Winchester , informed Mr. Sutton Davies in 1891 that he knew of a specimen [White-Eyed Duck] obtained at Ovington not long before.' 
Transcript of interview - 1969: Chalkley, Edward - Hampshire Record Office 

'...uncle, who was a taxidermist amongst other things, started the business in The Square. He did a lot of stuffing, birds and all that for them [Winchester Museum]. Uncle had a collection of Hants birds and he [Alderman Jacob came] to an agreement with my uncle that he would buy them for the [Winchester] College and they're now in the College Museum….'
(There are about 60 cases of William Chalkley's work still in the College Collection: 1996)

Baby Rabbits Playing Cards

Baby Rabbits Playing Cards’, prepared 1890s to early 1900.

Examples of small stuffed animals were often displayed  in the windows of taxidermists. These ‘grotesque’ scenes were a good advert as they demonstrated the skill of the taxidermist. These ‘baby rabbits’ are in fact modified young rats.

Accession No: HMCMS:Bi1977.38

Stoat

Stoat, Mustela erminea, prepared 18902 to early 1900s

Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.971

Weasel

Weasel, Mustela nivalis, caught in a mole trap, 1899, mounted with a mouse in its mouth, prepared 1906

Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.967

Red Squirrel

Red Squirrel, Sciurus vulgaris, thought to have been prepared by William Chalkley

Accession No: HMCMS:HCMS1999.154

Itchen Trout

Brown trout, Salmo trutta fario, caught by A E Hasler in the River Itchen, Durngate Mill, Water Lane, Winchester, prepared by William Chalkley, 1910

Accession No: HMCMS:HCMS1971.614

Song Thrush

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos, prepared in 1899 
Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.971

Wren

Wren, Troglodytes troglodytes
Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.309

Canary

Canary, Serinus canoriol
Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.969

Turtle Dove

Turtle Dove, Streptopelia turtur, prepared in 1902.
Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.970

Goldcrest

Goldcrest, Regulus regulus, prepared 1908.

Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.968

Sparrowhawk

Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus, prepared 1907.

Accession No: HMCMS:WM1994.966